Photoshop basics for beginners

Welcome to the Get Started with Photoshop tutorials that teach you the basic tools and techniques of Adobe Photoshop. This tutorial introduces you to the Photoshop shape area and shows you how to open and save your images, zoom in and out, and undo mistakes .
open images

open images, and create new images .

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The first thing you ‘ll do in Photoshop, is either open a file or create a fresh file. so, let ‘s go over how to do both. When you launch the latest adaptation of Photoshop, you may see a start screen that looks something like this. If you wanted to open an existing image, you could go to the Open … button on the startle riddle and suction stop, or if you wanted to create a new trope from chicken feed, you could use the New … clitoris on the start shield. But there ‘s another way, to get to these like commands from anywhere in Photoshop. therefore even if your begin screen is n’t showing, you can always go up to the File menu at the top of Photoshop, and choose New … or Open … from there. Let ‘s go ahead and choose Open … from the File menu, to open some existing prototype files into Photoshop. That will launch your Mac Finder or your Windows File Explorer, where you ‘ll navigate through your file system to an image file and select it. You could select one of the practice files that come with this tutorial, as I ‘m doing, or you can select an double of your own. If you want to open more than one effigy at a time, hold the Command key on a Mac, or the Ctrl key on Windows, and select another image charge. then click the Open clitoris. Both selected images open into Photoshop editing workspace, which is called the document window. At the top of the document window, there is a tab key for each Open_Image. And the yellow journalism tells you the identify of the visualize. If you want to see another Open_Image, just click its check. So that ‘s how to open existing images. Let ‘s leave those outdoors and talk about how to create a new image from boodle. You might do that when you want a space canvas tent on which to draw, or on which you want to place some images. thus, this time, from the File menu, let ‘s choose New … That opens this New Document window. Photoshop comes with a set of Blank Document Presets that you can start with. To find one that works for you, first select a class of documents from the clear of the window. Photo, Print, Art & Illustration, or one of these others. I ‘m going to select Photo. Next, choose one of the preset sizes in this section called Blank Document Presets. If you do n’t see one you like, there ‘s an option here to view more presets : View All Presets. I ‘m going to select this preset, the Landscape, 4 x 6. Over on the right, all the details have immediately been set up for me, including the width and the height. If you decide that ‘s not precisely the size you want, you can type a different size into the Width or Height fields. Any of the other settings on the right could be customized excessively. But sticking with the presets, takes the concern out of having to figure out technical details at the begin. And these settings could be changed late in Photoshop if you need to. so, to finish creating a newly text file, click the Create button, and your fresh blank document opens in Photoshop, cook for you to add a photograph, text, or possibly a shape. All as you ‘ll learn to do, as you continue through this tutorial series .

What you learned: To open and create images

  • In the menu bar, choose File > Open to open existing images.
  • In the menu bar, choose File > New to create a new image from scratch. Select a document preset. You can customize the preset by typing in your own values, like width and height.

Get familiar with the exercise area

Tour the employment area .

Let ‘s take a attend at how Photoshop is laid out to help you get comfortable with your workspace. To follow along with this tutorial, you can open any visualize. The first interface element to get familiar with, is the Document window, which is right here, in the center of the shield. This is where you ‘ll work on your images. Over to the right of the Document window are the panels, that have a variety of trope edit controls. There are more panels than equitable those you see in this gore column. Some of the panels are hidden behind others. For model, here we have a jury group of the Color jury and the Swatches panel. If I want to see the Swatches dialog box, I can equitable click its pill, and that brings it forward so I can use it. I ‘ll go ahead and select a blue swatch here in the Swatches empanel, and that color will be applied when I use other tinge features, like the Brush creature. There are some panels that are n’t open on the face of Photoshop. To open one of those panels, go up to the Window menu, and choose from this tilt of alphabetic panels, a panel that does n’t have a checkmark. For exemplar, I ‘ll choose the Histogram panel. That opens the Histogram panel. And after I ‘m done using it to evaluate the tones in a photograph for example, I can close it by clicking the double bespeak arrow here. Another significant interface component is the Tools control panel, which is located to the left of the Document window. It ‘s this long vertical bar here. If you ‘re not surely what a tool is, you can just hover over its icon. And in a moment, you ‘ll see the mention of the tool in a tooltip. To select a tool, just click it. There are more tools than you see on the face of the Tools panel. You can click and hold any tool, like the Horizontal Type Tool hera, that has a little triangle at its buttocks right recess. And you ‘ll see a flyout menu of relate tools. indeed, if I want to add text not in a horizontal orientation, but rather in a vertical orientation, I can precisely slide down to the Vertical Type Tool in this flyout menu, and select it from there. Each creature has a number of controls called options. And those are found in the adjacent major interface chemical element, the horizontal Options bar, up here at the top of the blind. The crucial thing about the Options barricade, is that it changes, depending on what tool is selected. sol, because I have the Vertical Type Tool selected, I see options for text, like this Font Size menu here. But keep your eye on the Options bar as I select another instrument. I ‘ll click on the Brush instrument for exercise. And now the options have changed, to offer Brush Opacity and Brush Flow and more. Let ‘s go ahead and apply an option. One of the things you frequently want to do when you have a Brush tool selected, is to change the size of the brush tap. And you can do that using the Brush Picker option, which is the first option over here on the left of this Options prevention. I ‘ll click that option to open the Brush Picker, and then I can move the Size luger in the Brush Picker over to the right to increase the size of the brush topple or to the leave to decrease it. And then I ‘ll click in a blank area to close the Brush Picker. I ‘ll move into the image and I ‘ll apply some rouge. And by the way, the Brush joyride is painting with gloomy, because you ‘ll remember that ‘s the semblance I chose in the Swatches dialog box, earlier in this television. By the way, if I change my mind about that rouge stroke or whatever I equitable did in Photoshop, I can undo it by pressing the common keyboard shortcut for untie, which is Command + Z on a Mac, or Ctrl + Z on a personal computer. The last major interface element is the Menu barricade, at the identical top of the shield. And here you have multiple menus with lots of controls. For example, if I want to close this image, I can select Close from the File menu, and you can go ahead and close the image without saving, since we have n’t made any permanent wave changes. So that was a flying attend at the major features of the Photoshop interface, that you ‘ll use over and over, as you work in Photoshop. The Document window, the panels, the tools, the cock options and the Menu bar .

What you learned: The interface

  • Menu bar (at the very top) shows the File, Edit, Image, and other menus that give you access to a variety of commands, adjustments, and panels.
  • Options bar (underneath the menu bar) displays options for the tool you are currently working with.
  • Tools panel (on the left) contains tools for editing images and creating artwork. Similar tools are grouped together. You can access related tools in a group by clicking and holding a tool in the panel.
  • Panels (on the right) include Color, Layers, Properties, and other panels that contain a variety of controls for working with images. You can find the full list of panels under the Window menu.
  • Document window (in the middle) displays the file you’re currently working on. Multiple open documents show up in tabs in the Document window.
  • Close image: Choose File > Close.

Learn how to zoom and pan

Change your scene of an prototype .

Zooming and panning are ways to navigate around an prototype that you ‘ll use much as you work on images in Photoshop. To practice working with the soar and pan controls, open this persona from the tutorial practice files, or open a big prototype of your own. Zooming means changing the magnification of the picture, as you might do if you were looking at the sky through a telescope. You may want to zoom in for a closer view of part of an double, or you may want to zoom out to see more of an image on your filmdom. The most aboveboard way to rapid climb is to select the Zoom tool, toward the bottom of the Tools panel here. then go up to the Options measure for the Zoom tool, where you ‘ll find a asset picture for zooming in, and a minus picture for zooming out. Let ‘s start with the plus picture activated which is the default. then to soar in, move into the image and snap. And each time you click, you ‘ll zoom in a small farther. To zoom back out to see more of the image again, go back to the Options bar, and this time select the minus icon, and then click several times in the image to zoom second out. If you want to zoom in again, you have to go back to the Options bar, click the plus picture, and click in the trope to zoom in again. now you may get tired of going up to the Options barroom every time you want to switch between zooming in and zooming out. so, here ‘s a shortcut that will help you. When the soar in option is active, as it is immediately, you can switch to zooming out by holding the Option key on your keyboard if you ‘re on a Mac, or the ALT key on Windows. Hold down that key and then click in the visualize. And that will automatically switch you back to zooming out. then release your finger from the Option or ALT key, and you ‘re switched back to zooming in. And so, you can click in the visualize to zoom in again. The Zoom instrument has a couple of options in its Options bar, that you can use to move promptly to zoom levels that you use much. The Fit Screen option, here in the Options browning automatic rifle, comes in handy when you ‘re zoomed in like this and you want to get back to a view of the entire prototype. Just click the Fit Screen option, and the integral image fits itself into your document window. Another utilitarian option is this 100 % option. Clicking this, zooms you into 100 % opinion of the prototype, which is the best way to view an trope when you ‘re checking it for distinctness. immediately, I ‘m working on a modest blind and this image is pretty bombastic, so when I zoom in to 100 %, I ca n’t see the unharmed persona on my riddle. Although you may not experience the like thing if you ‘re working on a bombastic monitor. sol, if I want to see a different part of this effigy at this zoom flat, I ‘m going to need to move the trope around in my document window. That ‘s called pan. And it ‘s done with another instrument, the Hand instrument. then, I ‘m going to go back to the Tools control panel, and I ‘m going to select the Hand cock there, which is precisely above the Zoom tool. then I ‘ll move into the trope, and comment that my cursor is now changed to a hand icon. I ‘ll click, drag, and move the prototype in the document window, to a place that I want to see, and then I ‘ll release my mouse. When I ‘m done checking the edge here and I want to go back to view the integral picture on riddle, I ‘ll go up to the Options bar for the Hand cock, and there I ‘ll see the lapp Fit Screen option that we had for the Zoom cock. so, I can good click Fit Screen in the Hand tool Options bar, and that takes me second to see the entire double in my document window. Let me show you another way to zoom. rather of clicking, you can do continuous zoom by holding your mouse down on the image. I ‘ll go back and get the Zoom tool in the Tools panel. And then I ‘m going to click and hold in the trope. And the image zooms in endlessly. If you zoom in truly far like this, you can see the pixels, that are the build blocks of an image in Photoshop. By the way, the size of these pixels can affect the double quality of a print, which is why prototype resolving power is an important topic, specially for printing. Something we ‘ll talk more about when we cover resizing an picture late in this series. I ‘m going to go up to the Options stripe and click Fit Screen, so I can see the entire visualize on my screen again. One more thing, let ‘s say that you ‘re working with another tool, possibly the Brush tool, and you ‘re painting in a small area and you do n’t want to switch out of the Brush creature over to the Zoom joyride just to zoom. well, there ‘s a shortcut that you can use alternatively of the Zoom tool. And that is to hold the Command key on a Mac, or the Ctrl key on a personal computer, as you press the summation keystone on your keyboard. And every time you do that, that will zoom you in. If you want to zoom back out, hold the Command identify on a Mac or the Ctrl key on a personal computer, and press the minus key on your keyboard. And that will zoom you back out. sol, that ‘s an introduction to zoom and pan, that I hope will help you to navigate your images as you ‘re working on them in Photoshop. To finish up with this lesson, you can close this visualize without saving .

What you learned: To zoom in and out and pan around

  • The Zoom tool is located in the Tools panel. Change from Zoom In to Zoom Out in the options bar.
  • The Hand tool, also located in the Tools panel, allows you to pan around a large or zoomed-in image.

Undo a command

Undo single or multiple steps, and use the History panel .

Photoshop gives you lots of flexibility to change the edits that you make. In this video recording, we ‘ll explore how to undo, redo, and step back in clock as you ‘re editing. You can follow along with this file from the practice files for this tutorial, or an image of your own. Let ‘s start by making some rouge strokes on this image. Select the Brush tool in the Tools jury, then go over to the Swatches dialog box, and snap on a color there. You can use any discolor that you like. Move into the image and make a brush stroke. By the way, if your brush tip is n’t big enough, go up to the Options bar for the Brush joyride, pawl on the Brush Picker and set the Size there. I ‘ll click off of that picker to close it. Let ‘s make a couple more strokes. Go to the Swatches panel again, select another discolor and stroke. And let ‘s do that one more time. sol, let ‘s say that you want to get rid of the last legal action that you did in Photoshop, in this subject making that pink stroke. The quick means to do that is to use a keyboard shortcut, Command + Z on a Mac or Ctrl + Z on Windows. Which I ‘ll do now. And the pink stroke goes off. I can bring it spinal column, by pressing Command + Z again, or Ctrl + Z again. so, that keyboard shortcut is a toggle for undoing and redoing the final legal action that you took. If you prefer to use a menu command preferably than the shortcut, you can go up to the Edit menu, and there you can choose Undo Brush Tool, and Photoshop even tells you what action you ‘re going to undo. And then Edit, and Redo Brush Tool. now what if you want to undo more than just one gradation ? In that case, go up to the Edit menu, and this clock time choose Step Backward. And you can do that up to 50 times by default option. And each time you ‘re stepping back one military action, one footprint in time. similarly, you can step forward one mistreat at a time. Edit, Step Forward. Edit, Step Forward. Edit, Step Forward. There ‘s one more way that you can step through prison term in Photoshop. And that ‘s using the History dialog box. The History panel is located hera, in this crack up column of panels. If you do n’t see it, go up to the Window menu and choose History. I ‘m going to expand this panel by moving down to its bottom bar, until I see a double point arrow and then dragging down. so, what we see in this dialog box, is a divide bar for each action that I fair took on this picture. Open and then three strokes with the Brush Tool. Keep your center on the control panel as I make another stroke. My fourthly stroke was fair recorded in the History panel besides. now let ‘s use another cock to see how it ‘s recorded. Go to the Tools panel, and this clock select the Dodge tool, which is used to make things lighter. The Dodge creature besides has a brush tip, merely like the brush creature. To make the Dodge tool tip bigger, go up to the Options bar for this tool, and there you have a Size luger that you can drag. And then click in a blank sphere to close the Brush Picker. now come into the effigy, and let ‘s drag over the leaf a copulate times. Each time I release my mouse and then drag again, another Dodge tool express is recorded here in the History dialog box. The smasher of having these states in the History panel, is that you can step spinal column through them, one by one, like this. Or you can jump to a particular state, like this. And each time you do that, everything in the picture changes to the way it looked at that state, at that point in time. You besides can step forward or jump forward in time, in the History panel, like this. Two things to keep in mind about the History panel : if you do go back to a previous state, – lashkar-e-taiba ‘s go back here – and then you do something else, let ‘s say I dodge in this area of the image. Keep your eye on the History empanel, and you ‘ll see that everything after the state I had gone back to disappears. It ‘s as if you went back to a fork in the road, and took a different path. Everything on the first road beyond the fork disappears. And the second thing to keep in mind is that when you close the image, whether or not you save it, your history disappears. And the next clock time you open the image, the History gore will be cleared out, and we ‘ll start again with a fresh history. now if the History panel is n’t your cup of tea, you can rely on the simple commands, in the Edit menu alternatively. Undo for single untie ‘s, and Step Backward for multiple undo ‘s. Either way, you have lots of flexibility to correct any mistakes or try newly approaches as you edit an visualize .

What you learned: To undo

  • To undo the last thing you did, choose Edit > Undo or press Control+Z (Windows) or Command+Z (macOS).
  • To redo the last thing you did, choose Edit > Redo or again press Control+Z (Windows) or Command+Z (macOS).
  • To undo multiple steps, choose Edit > Step Backward multiple times, or select a step in the History panel.

Save your work

Use the Save commands .

Saving is a critical step in Photoshop. indeed, let ‘s see how to do it safely. To start, open this effigy from the tutorial drill files. now let ‘s make a change to this file. Let ‘s move this small insert photograph to somewhere else in the picture. To do that, go to the Tools panel and chink on the first joyride, the Move tool. And then move into the trope, click right on the little bouquet photograph and drag it somewhere else in the persona. I ‘ll good put it here. You can put it anywhere you like. By the way, if that did n’t work for you, it ‘s credibly because you ‘re not on the right layer. We ‘ll learn a batch more about selecting a layer late in the tutorial series. But for immediately, you can avoid that problem by just going over to the Layers empanel and making sure that you have the minor bouquet layer highlighted. And then try dragging that bouquet again. nowadays that we ‘ve made a change to the image, let ‘s see what happens if we use the Save command to save the image with that change. I ‘ll go up to the File menu, and I ‘ll choose Save. And what happened is that Photoshop went right ahead and saved complete and replaced the last translation of this image. In this character, the original file that we started with. And that ‘s something you do n’t frequently want to do. sol, let me show you a safer way to save, that does n’t save over the last translation. Let ‘s make another change, again with your Move creature selected, click on that small bouquet photograph and move it somewhere else in the persona. I ‘ll put mine gloomy here, but you can put yours anywhere. Go up to the File menu, and this time do n’t choose Save, alternatively choose Save As … That opens this Save As dialogue, where you can avoid saving over the last adaptation of your charge by doing something different, like changing the charge name, or choosing a unlike localization to which to save the file. By the room, if you ‘re on Windows, this dialogue box may look slightly unlike. It does offer the same options that we ‘ll talk about, but they ‘re just arranged slightly differently. therefore, what I ‘m going to do, to avoid saving over the last interpretation of this image, is to give this interpretation a fresh name. I ‘ll go to the Save As playing field here, that ‘s the file name field if you ‘re on Windows. And I ‘ll click precisely to the properly of the name before the “ .psd ” extension, and I ‘m going to type “ -v2 ”, for version 2. now, if I were to come down and chink Save, although I ‘m not going to do that just even, I ‘d end up with 2 files : the final keep open version of the file, and this changed interpretation. So that ‘s a elementary direction to protect your last saved version, which is sometimes your original of an double. Before we do pawl Save, let ‘s take a count at another important thing in this Save As dialogue. That ‘s the Format menu here on a Mac, it ‘s called the Save As type menu on Windows. It ‘s a good mind to save your files in the native Photoshop format, which gives them a “ .psd ” extension while you ‘re working on them. To do that, choose Photoshop from this drop-down menu, and if you have layers in your file, as we do, make indisputable that the Layers box is checked. The big advantage of saving as a PSD is that it will preserve any layers or other editable Photoshop features, that you may have added to the image. So that you can come back and study with those again later. But you ca n’t see a “ .psd ” file on the web. And if you ‘re sharing it with person who does n’t have Photoshop, they might not be able to open a “ .psd ” file, a Photoshop file. so, if you want to share an image that you ‘ve worked on in Photoshop, I suggest you save another replicate of it in addition to the “ .psd ”, and save that replicate in the JPEG format. The JPEG file could be posted on-line, it will be smaller to send by electronic mail and it will keep any photograph in an visualize, looking good. then, let ‘s go ahead and do that. I ‘m going to go to my Format menu, and I ‘ll choose JPEG, and then I ‘ll go down to the bottom right and chatter Save. That triggers this belittled window of JPEG options. I suggest you just leave these at their defaults and chatter OK. last, here are a match bonus tips about saving. first : save frequently. Do n’t wait until you ‘re done to save the file you ‘re working on. second gear : save early. This is particularly important if you ‘ve created a new charge from chicken feed with the fresh command. Because until you do save, that file has n’t been permanently saved to your system, and could be lost if your calculator crashes .

What you learned: To save an image

  • Choose File > Save or File > Save As.
  • Saving in Photoshop format (.psd) will retain layers, type, and other editable Photoshop properties. It’s best to save your image in PSD format while you’re still working on it.
  • Saving in JPEG (.jpg) or PNG (.png) format will save as a standard image file that can be shared, opened by other programs, and posted online. When you’re finished editing, save a copy in one of these formats too.
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